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APA 7: Academic Integrity & Plagiarism

Keys to Avoiding Plagiarism

1. Paraphrase the original text into your own words.

2. Use quotation marks around text that has been taken directly from the original source.

3. Cite every source of information you use in your paper unless it is common knowledge or the results of your own research.

Academic Integrity, Plagiarism, and the Reporting and Review Process

Academic Integrity

Academic honesty is essential to a college community’s purpose and pursuits. Thus, academic integrity is expected of all Pacific Oaks College students. A student’s academic work and conduct should always represent the student’s personal effort and thus be above reproach. Those who are dishonest impair their own intellectual and personal growth and development and undermine the integrity of the community that nurtures them. Several forms of dishonesty constitute threats to the interests of Pacific Oaks College and violations of its Academic Integrity Policy. In order to preserve the rights and freedoms of the students, the College has a formal process for adjudication of student grievances and cases of academic dishonesty.

Violations of academic honesty are prohibited. Violations of academic honesty are acts that seek to secure an academic advantage for a member of the Pacific Oaks College community by illegitimate or unethical means. Such violations include, but are not limited to, committing, knowingly assisting, or acquiescing in one or more of the following:

Plagiarism (via traditional or electronic means): Representing the words, ideas, arguments, or findings of another person or persons as one’s own: For example, plagiarism occurs when one copies portions of another person’s writing with only minor changes in wording or fails to give adequate and appropriate credit for others’ concepts, theories, or conclusions. When making use of someone else’s work, one must credit that person by using quotation marks, references, or footnotes, in accordance with one of the conventional documenting systems (e.g., that of the Modern Language Association [MLA] or the American Psychological Association [APA]). Submitting as one’s own, a homework assignment, a term paper, a laboratory report, or other comparable document prepared wholly or in part by others or downloaded from the Internet is also an example of plagiarism.
Falsifying research data: Presenting falsified data in papers or essays.
“Double dipping:” Using the same or substantially the same written work, research paper, or essay to satisfy the requirements of more than one course, without the permission of the instructors involved.
Forging academic records. Altering academic records, including attendance records, entering the signature of an academic staff member on any College form, presenting false information at an academic proceeding, or intentionally destroying evidence relevant to such a proceeding.
Collaboration on projects where collaboration has been forbidden.

Reporting and Review Process
Upon learning of a possible violation of the Academic Integrity policy, the instructor will speak directly with the student about the alleged offense and impose an appropriate sanction (see Sanctions below) as detailed in the class syllabus. The instructor may consult with the Program Director in arriving at a decision regarding an appropriate sanction. The incident and the sanction shall be documented in a report to be included in the student’s file so that any future incidents may be referred directly to the Office of Student Services.

For serious, flagrant, or repeat cases of academic integrity violations, the incident shall be reported by the instructor in writing to the Dean of Students or designee for further action. Examples of serious and flagrant offenses include, but are not limited to violations through which, in the determination of the instructor, the student intended to achieve academic advantage, such as misrepresentation of substantial portions of written work, cheating, and other forms of significant academic integrity violations. The instructor must file, within ten (10) business days of discovery, a report with the Office of Student Services detailing the specifics of an alleged instance of serious or flagrant academic dishonesty

Pacific Oaks College (2019) Student rights and responsibilities. Retrieved from


Plagiarism, In-Text Citations, & Quotations

Plagiarism is Idea Theft