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APA 7: Reports and Gray Literature

Information Needed

  • Author(s)
  • Date (year, month, day)
  • Title of work (italicized, sentence case)
  • Report number*
  • Item type in brackets*
  • Direct URL to material

* Depending on material type, see examples.

General Format of Reports and Gray Literature

General Report Format

Agency Name. (Date). Title in italics and sentence case: Subtitle also capitalized (Publication No. XXX). Parent Agency.

General Gray Literature Format

Author or Agency Name. (Date). Title in italics and sentence case: Subtitle also capitalized [Item type].

Report and Gray Literature Examples

Report by a Government Agency

National Cancer Institute. (2019). Taking time: Support for people with cancer (NIH Publication No. 18-2059). U.S. Department of Health

         and Human Services, National Institutes of Health.

Report with Individual Authors

Baral, P., Larsen, M., & Archer, M. (2019). Does money grow on trees? Restoration financing in Southeast Asia. Atlantic Council.

Stuster, J., Adolf, J., Byrne, V., & Greene, M. (2018). Human exploration of Mars: Preliminary lists of crew tasks (Report No. NASA/CR-

         2018-220043). National Aeronautics and Space Administration.

Conference Proceeding

Pérez-Rosas, V., Kleinberg, B., Lefevre, A., & Mihalcea, R. (2018). Automatic detection of fake news [Conference proceeding]. 27th International Conference on Computational Linguistics, Budapest, Hungary.


Cedars-Sinai. (2015). Human papillomavirus (HPV) and oropharyngeal cancer [Brochure].


Ethics Code

American Counseling Association. (2014). 2014 ACA code of ethics.


Fact Sheet

Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry. (n.d.). Asbestos in your environment: What you can do to limit exposure [Fact sheet].

         U.S. Department of Health & Human Services.

Press Release

U.S. Food and Drug Administration. (2019, November 15). FDA approves first contact lens indicated to slow the progression of

         nearsightedness in children [Press release].


White Paper With a Group Author

Department for Business Innovation & Skills. (2016). Success as a knowledge economy: Teaching excellent, social mobility and student

         choice [White paper]. Crown.


White Paper With Individual Authors

Furst, M., & DeMillo, R. A. (2006). Creating symphonic-thinking computer science graduates for an increasingly competitive global

         environment [White paper]. Georgia Tech College of Computing.

Adapted from American Psychological Association publication manual (7th ed.).